Lo-Mangthang is still representative capital city of the Buddhist Kingdom of Mustang. Officially, Mustang belongs to province 4, in Mustang District and Dhawalagiri Zone of northern Nepal, beyond the Annapurna, Nilgiri and Dhaulagri range but the local people honored the succession of King Ame Pal, who founded the Kingdom of Lo in 1380 AD, as their ruler of this region and still they are trying to maintain the rule and regulation of former monarchy. Former king Ame Pal constructed the city wall to protect the city from enemies, wind and negatives energies and some part of this wall still standing, so the city is known as the wall city. The ethnic Lobas are main resident here which are culturally and linguistically very close to Tibet.

Near to the village at least of twelve caves discovered from the ancient people, some of them are the fully decorated with ancient Buddhist painting, executed in ink, silver and gold approximately in 13th century dated and pottery shards of over many thousands years ago.

This rural city Lo-mangtanag, has its own identity with whitewashed mud-brick walls, gompas and the King's Palace, a nine-cornered, five-story structure built at 15th century. Instead of all those, it has four major temples too which are main attraction of this beautiful small town; the Jampa Gompa from 15th century, Thubchen Gompa, from late 15th century, Chodey Gompa and the Choprang Gompa.


Mustang is mysterious, majestic, legendary and rough territories, settled down beyond the hundreds of snow-capped peaks. After a long period of isolation, finally in the 90s the Upper-Mustang or Lo-Mathang is accessible to the foreign visitors. The medieval settlements, ancient monasteries, Mani, Chhortens and Mani walls, themselves have many stories to serve their proud history to the rest of the world. The broad scattered blue sky above you, big meadows, sandy surroundings, Pebbles Mountains, ancient caves, the mighty Himalayas in the background and huge Tibetan terrains in the horizon often referred this region as "Shangri-La", the earthly paradise.

The river Kali Gandaki and its tributaries, brings life and small greenery towards this rain shadow zone, otherwise life is almost impossible because the rain fortune is not here because of the rain shadow of the zone of the Himalaya range as the clouds get stuck on the peaks of the Himalayas.

Mustang, actually lies in the north part of Nepal, in the northern boarded to Tibet and to the southern end at the Kali Gandaki gorge, the deepest gorge of the world, which lies in the between to the left to Annapurna and to the Dhalaugiri massifs to the right. The northern region of this former Kingdom is still occupied from the people those who directly connected with traditional Tibetan culture and language which has been preserved because of long isolation of the region from the outside world. The southernmost region of this Kingdom is known as Thak and is the homeland of the Thakali. They have their own Thakali language, and transmit culture combines with Tibetan and Nepalese culture. The Life in Mustang revolves around tourism, animal husbandry and trade.